The immune cells in patients with MS recognise and destroy the myelin sheath that insulates neurons in the CNS (central nervous system). If destroyed, electrical activity from one cell to another would be disrupted and communication between the brain and other parts of the body would be lost.
There is no cure for MS and treatment typically focuses on recovery from attacks, slowing the progression of the disease and managing MS symptoms. Today’s treatment of MS includes corticosteroids, Beta interferons, Copaxone and newer more effective drugs such as Tecfidera and Gilenya. The problem is that these come with their own sets of associated side effects.